Check out the video below to become more familiar with different types of analogies.
Time to Do It
Types of Analogies
Antonym Analogies-- Big is to small as dark is to light.
Types of Things--Apple is to fruit as pecan is to nut.
Synonym Analogy--Excited is to joyful as sad is to sorrowful.
Tool and Worker--Spatula is to chef as chainsaw is to lumberjack.
Part/Whole Analogy--Finger is to hand as tire is to car.
Object/Action Analogy--Fire is to burn as waves are to crash.
Characteristic Analogy--Hair is to thin as diamonds are to sparkly.
Students need to be taught to think. Simply doing multiple choice analogies is really boring. You can extend the value of analogies by challenging students to create their own analogies.
Basic challenge: Look at the different types of analogies above and have students create their own analogies.
Add to the challenge: Require students to make analogies based on current content being studied. For example, Abraham Lincoln is slavery as MLK is to Jim Crow Laws.